Lake Tana Biosphere Reserve Birding route       

Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia, with a surface area of 3200 km2 and a watershed of 16500 km2 located at 1800 m a.s.l. Most of the wetlands situated along the rivers and Lake Tana shore support several thousands of birds. Taking previous work in the area into consideration, the Lake Tana sub-basin possesses six globally threatened species, 35 highland biome species, and four Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome species. The sub-basin area is particularly important for wetland and water birds. The total population of birds counted during the winter season exceeds 150,000 seasonally, in Lake Tana area alone. Shesher-Wallala area contributes to the largest winter population. The Lake Tana sub-basin consists of 78 families of 437 birds; the most dominant is Accipitridae with 39 species. The distribution of birds in the area is changeable. However, the Lake Tana area and associated wetlands hold the largest bird populations compared with forest, farmland and bushland habitats. The Fogera and Dembia flood plain provides suitable feeding and roosting sites for winter birds and is also known as a congregation site. Both Palearctic (112) and Afrotropical migrants (7) occur. In addition, the Lake Tana sub-basin holds 15 species of endemic birds, some of which are shared with Eritrea. The tree squirrel, hippos, grivet monkey, Anubis baboon are some mammals, which can be seen in peninsulas and islands. The yellow fronted parrot, the lovely barbet species (black-billed, double toothed, banded barbet), white-cheeked turaco, yellow and red-fronted tinker bird, red-billed Pytilia, the rarest Narina trogon, and the three crane species can be observed.

Simen Mountain NP Birding route

This a UNESCO World Heritage Site in terms of its magnificent landscape and presence of endangered mammals. Simien Mountains National Park is one of northern Ethiopia’s key birding sites, with a checklist of 180 species that includes five Ethiopian endemics and 12 near-endemics. However, many would say the true avian star of the Simien is the magnificent lammergeyer. The park is located in the Semien (North) Gondar Zone of the Amhara Region, its territory covers the Semien Mountains and includes Ras Dejen/ Ras Dashan, the highest point in Ethiopia. It is home to a number of endangered species, including the Ethiopian wolf and the Walia ibex, a wild goat found nowhere else in the world. The gelada baboon and the caracal, a cat, also occur within the Simien Mountains.

Central highlands Birding route

The Jemma valley, Sululta plain, and Ankober area, where the endemic birds like Harwood francolin and Ankober serine found are magnificent places in the central highlands area. The Debre Libanos area that looks like the “Grand Canyon” harbors the Bearded Vulture, Golden Eagles, Griffon and Rupell’s Vulture, White-winged Cliffchat and several other birds are located here. The scenic beauty is also eye-catching.

Rift Valley Birding routes

This includes the Awash National Park the greatest in birdlife; the Ziway Lake area, the Langano Lake and Abijjata Shala Lakes NP area and the central Rift valley Boyo wetland are where the largest non-breeding Wattled Crane population site are some of the focus areas.

Bale Mountain National Park Birding route

On the way to the NP we cross and pass through Debre Zeit, Koka Dam, Zeway, Langano, Abijjata Shall, Shashemenie, and the marvelous Wondogenet forest place where the endemic birds like Yellow-fronted Parrot, White Cheeked Turaco, and white-backed Tit and others endemics and near-endemic birds are located; then Dodola to BMNP headquarter, Seneti plateau, and Arena forest are main places.

Southern Ethiopia Birding route

The Jimma and The natural landscape and the cloud forest of Bonga Biosphere reserve and the Yabeloo Konso birding route including Arba Minch: Chamo Lake area, are included. Yirgalem, Hawasa lake area and the marvelous Wondogenet forest place where the endemic birds like Yellow fronted Parrot, White Cheeked Turaco, and white-backed Tit and others endemics and near endemic birds are located. area are also supper places for bird watchers and nature admires. Then drive through shashemenie to Abijjata-Shala, Langano, Zeway and Addis Ababa.

Special Endemic Birding tours

We can arrange special endemic birding routes where most of the endemic birds are located with a special order. However, in all birding routes there are endemic and near endemic birds that can be seen.

Research oriented birding tours

Any research regarding birds and other wildlife forms can be arranged.


With a special request, we can still make a special arrangement in any corner of the country.