Welcome to CRANE TOURS - Birding and Trekking in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the most biodiversity-rich countries in Africa, with exceptionally high levels of endemism. This is by virtue of its extensive areas of land with high altitude, and variety of habitats, isolated from the rest of Africa by low altitude and arid areas, possesses a wide range of species of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic to the country. The wide ranges of altitudes have contributed to the diverse nature of the country’s ecological resources. The altitude ranges from 110m below sea level at Kobar Sink in the Afar depression to a peak of 4620m above sea level at Ras Dejen/Dashen. The highland regions, although having fewer species than many lowland parts of tropical Africa, have a large number of endemic animals.

Travel facts, Culture and Custom

Climate
Ethiopia has mainly two distinct seasons rainy season (June to September), and long dry season (October to May); however, there is intermittent rain about a month before and after the rainy season. In some parts of the southern part of Ethiopia, there is a substantial amount of rainfall due to extended rainy time.

Clothing and food

Ethiopians have different kinds of national dresses. Usually, ladies are not allowed to expose their bodies. The national dish of most Ethiopians is “Injera” flat, soft thin bread made from a special grain called “Teff”. It is always served with saucer, which can be made either from meat or vegetable. The local beverages are “Tella” traditional beer brewed from corn or barley, and “Tej” brewed from water and honey, malt yeast. Now a day “Teff” becomes the most known and wanted food staff in the world because of gluten-free food, the presence of fiber and 18 essential amino acids, minerals, etc.

Religion
The three worlds’ major religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have had their followers from the time they were introduced, among these: Christianity and Islam are the two dominant religions.

Language
Ethiopia has more than 80 languages; however, Amharic is the official language of the Federal Government and spoken widely throughout Ethiopia. English is also widely spoken. The medium of instruction in the education system of the country is English although it is restricted mainly in schools.

Greetings
The usual style of greeting in Ethiopia is handshaking, while friends and family who have not seen each other for some time will kiss on each cheek or shoulder. Smile face is a common character in Ethiopia. You should not be disappointed when children are calling, following you “Ferenjj. It is a nickname to the Western peoples'.

Physical Features and Wildlife

Ethiopia has unique geographical features and fascinating fauna and flora, consisting of some of the rarest wildlife in the world. It has also been described as the water tower of Africa because of its ever-flowing rivers. Its majestic mountains have been labeled as the roof of Africa. The Simien chain of Mountains, the Bale and Arsi Mountains are the main ones.

Travel to and in Ethiopia

Ethiopian Airlines generally provides excellent service and has excellent safety records. Travelers coming to Ethiopia should know one reason for flying Ethiopian Airlines. On the domestic circuit, priority is given to those who use Ethiopian Airlines for their international flight.

Visa requirement

Thirty-three countries nationalities are allowed to get an entry visa upon arrival at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. Otherwise, the visa can be obtained from the Ethiopian Embassy or Consulate in the visitor’s country of residence or from the nearest country where there is an Ethiopian Embassy. Please note that your passport must be valid for at least 6 months. For more information https://addisairport.com/travel-information/

Banks, communication and Airport tax

Banks are available throughout the country in major cities and towns. It is closed on Saturday afternoon and Sundays. Telephone, Fax, Internet, e-mail and postal facilities are available in the country. The international dialing code for Ethiopia is +251. There is a USD (20) departure tax for international flights and a 10 Birr embarkation fee at each airport for the domestic flight sector.